Surveillance of Recent HIV Infections: Using Point-of-Care Recency Tests to Rapidly Detect and Respond to Recent Infections

Recency testing provides insight into the timeline of an individual’s HIV infection. This information is important to public health because of the ability to use such data for targeted interventions, programmatic shifts, and to strengthen epidemic control.  Because results of POC-RT are available in real-time through the mobile reporting system, another advantage of POC-RT is the ability to use results immediately to hone in on hot-spot locations and/or sub-populations with high levels of HIV recency for a rapid public health response to prevent further transmission.